How overweight, underweight affects fertility. Causes, treatment and effects.
People gain and lose body weight consciously or unconsciously due to deliberate or in deliberate eating habits and lifestyles.
But little do they know that this act especially when not controlled or put in check may and in fact can affect their fertility.
One common way to determine whether a person is overweight or underweight is the use of Body Mass Index or BMI.
You calculate your BMI by simply dividing your weight in Kilograms by the square of your height in meters. A healthy BMI is said to be between 18.5 and 24.9.
Having a BMI higher and lower than this is considered overweight and underweight respectively.
Another option is to measure your waist circumference.
For men, anything above 40 inches is likely to mean that you are storing an unhealthy amount of fat and that your BMI is above 25, which is defined as overweight. While for women, It should not exceed 35 inches.
Check how to measure your waist circumference Click Here
Being overweight and underweight has been discovered to have negative effects on the fertility of both a man and a woman.
How overweight, underweight affects fertility in a woman.
Being underweight can cause hormone imbalances that affect ovulation and therefore a woman’s chance of getting pregnant.
Compared to women with healthy weight, underweight women are more than twice as likely to take more than a year to get pregnant.
Overweight can affect fertility by also causing hormonal imbalances and problems with ovulation, particularly for overweight women having their first baby.
If a woman is overweight, it increases the risk of pregnancy complications and miscarriage. It also reduces a woman’s chances of getting pregnant.
Impact of underweight and overweight on male fertility.
Recently, there’s an increasing evidence that male overweight may be equally contributing to reduced fertility and embryo health.
Couples with an overweight male partner, with a female of normal BMI, have higher chances for increased time to conceive compared with couples with normal weight male partners.
Overweight in men may cause reduced testosterone levels, increased testicular heat which is associated with lower sperm count and quality, and a higher rate of erectile dysfunction.
Also, being underweight can affect a man’s sperm quality hence his fertility.
In essence, either you are a man or a woman, do not be careless about your weight loss or gain as it has a huge impact on your fertility which I’m sure is important to you.
Eat healthy and live a healthy lifestyle.